Amazing Pregnancy

Initial Laboratory Tests

Pap Smear

Usually, at your first obstetrical appointment, you will have a pap smear. This test helps rule out cancer. It's an internal examination of your cervix, during which, a small amount or your cervical cells will be scraped off, and placed onto a slide for examination. Most women do not find this a painful examination, although some do feel some discomfort. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that all women have a pap smear within the first 3 month of pregnancy.

Urine Test
You may have a urine test to confirm the pregnancy.

Blood Test
Most health care providers will request you have blood work done during your first visit. This blood work is looking for many different factors. The first is your blood type and rhesus factor (Rh). If your are Rh negative, and your unborn baby is positive, you could have complications. These complications only occur in Rh negative women. Sometimes an Rh negative mom's immune system will try to fight off the baby. It sees the baby as a threat to the mom. This can cause brain damage and even in some cases, prenatal deaths. If you are Rh negative, you blood will also be screened for the attacking antibodies. If they are present, at 28 weeks you will receive a shot of Rhogam. This is a immunoglobulin, that helps suppress the harmful antibodies your immune system is making. They will also look for anemia (iron deficiency) and sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, which can be harmful for an unborn child. You blood work will also determine if you are immune to rubella. Rubella can cause birth defects, especially if contracted during the first trimester. Some providers may ask or require you to have an HIV test for the antibodies that cause the AIDS virus. If you have any questions about any of the tests being preformed or requested, be sure to discuss it with your doctor or midwife.

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