When does ovulation occur?
Ovulation typically takes place about 14 days after the first day of the start of a period and about 14 days prior to the onset of the next menstrual period. The exact timing of ovulation will often vary greatly from woman to women.
Some women know when they are ovulating because they can feel a slight pain in their lower abdomen. Other women may bleed slightly in the middle of their cycle. Typical ovulation symptoms and signs include changes in cervical mucus and a small rise in basal temperature. For most women, ovulation occurs about once every month until menopause, apart from episodes of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The female body shows several signs of ovulation. While these vary from one woman to another, you may experience some or all of these signs:
- Regular menstrual cycles: periods that arrive every 24-35 days are more likely to be ovulatory than periods that occur more or less often.
- Mucus changes: about two weeks before menstruation, an ovulating woman may notice slick and slippery mucus.
- Abdominal pain: some women experience pain during ovulation. The pain may be general or localized to one side of the abdomen.
- Premenstrual symptoms: ovulation may accompany premenstrual symptoms such as breast enlargement and tenderness, abdominal bloating and moodiness.
- Temperature rise: women who use a natural family planning method of contraception will notice a small rise in their basal temperature after ovulation has occurred. The temperature rise is about half a degree Celsius. This temperature rise does no
predict ovulation, it only suggests that ovulation has already taken place.
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